Finlands arktiska strategi 20q13, Statsrådets principbeslut 23.8.2013

ENGLISH VERSION > Finland’s Strategy for the Arctic Region 2013, Government resolution on 23 August 2013)


+ Research and Education

Several Finnish universities have focus areas on research and development related to the Arctic. At Aalto University’s School of Engineering, Arctic technology is a priority. Arctic maritime technology and winter navigation, key research areas, are both important to Finland as it offers major business opportunities for companies engaged in international trade. Aalto University also operates the Aalto Ice Tank, a multipurpose ice testing tank, which enables the study of a wide range of hydrodynamic phenomena in ice-­‐free conditions. The universities of Helsinki, Lapland, Oulu and Turku operate research units in northern Finland. The University of Helsinki accounts for a considerable percentage of Finnish Arctic research, for example in the fields of geology, geography and physics.

The University of Lapland is the northernmost university in the European Union. It conducts research on Arctic populations, communities, the environment, and art and design and their interaction. Additionally, it is assigned nationwide responsibility for social and legal research related to the Saami nation. The Arctic Centre,  based at the University of Lapland, is concerned with global change, sustainable development and environmental and minority law in the region. Its nationwide role includes the dissemination of scientific information, exhibition activities and expert duties related to the Arctic and Barents Euro-­‐Arctic Council. The Arctic Centre is seeking to establish itself as the EU Centre for Arctic Information. The University of Lapland also houses the University of the Arctic International Secretariat, which is responsible for the administration of the cooperation network between the universities, polytechnics and other educational institutions of the Arctic countries. The universities belonging to the network promote the exchange of researchers, students and teachers in the northern regions. The Rovaniemi University of Applied Sciences is also specialises in the research, training and development of sustainable forest use; the coordination of the use of natural resources; and the management of low-­‐temperature conditions.

The University of Lapland, the Rovaniemi University of Applied Sciences and the Lapland tourism college jointly runs the Multidimensional Tourism Institute, an expert in the Arctic tourism and hospitability industry.

The University of Oulu is an international science university engaged in research into northern and Arctic issues in several fields of science. The university’s Giellagas Institute has the mandate to provide education in the Saami language and culture. The Thule Institute, based at the university, is engaged in research into the environment, natural resources and northern fields of activity. For this purpose, it operates a Centre for Arctic Medicine and the NorNet network coordinating environmental and natural resources research. The Oulu Mining School and the Nordic Mining School, established in collaboration with the Saami Education Institute (Sámi oahpahusguovddáš), is a multi-­‐disciplinary institute of education providing instruction in the Saami language and culture as well as offering a wide range of vocational training. Arctic research is one of the Finnish Meteorological Institute’s strategic priorities. The FMI Arctic Research Division studies the various layers of the polar atmosphere, biosphere and the surface of the earth, generating accurate data on the atmosphere, climate and the environment. FMI also operates the Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE) is in involved in a range of Arctic Council projects to gather data on environmental toxins, climate change and short-­‐lived climate forcers (SLCF). The Finnish Institute of Occupational Health Oulu unit initiated research into the evaluation and management of the detrimental impacts of low temperatures. The Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT), a not-­‐for-­‐profit organisation, carries out low-­‐temperature research, low-­‐temperature technology. Tekes -­‐ the Finnish Funding Agency for Innovation has launched 100 million Euro Arctic sea program. The Academy of Finland, which represents Finland at international polar science bodies, has an Arctic specific funding call.

+ State

Agrifood Research Finland, the Finnish Forest Research Institute and the Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute operate in their respective fields in the north. The three institutes will amalgamated in 2015 to form a Natural Resources Institute. Another state agency with a northern regions mandate is the Geological Survey of Finland which carries out geological, geochemical and geophysical research and natural resources exploration in northern regions. The institute’s expertise ranges from the preparation of control schemes and the evaluation of effectiveness and risks to the assessment of the lifecycle impacts of consumption and production. The governmental


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